Ten years or so ago, I began to notice how the machines clearing debris on construction sites made markings on the walls of the large metal bins that hauled refuse away. Some looked almost intentional--as if the machines had minds and were expressing themselves. I took pictures. As I experimented in processing them, I saw that some sets of scratches and gouges ended up forming interesting patterns. They and the walls that bore them could sometimes also be made to shift in color. They ended up as possible starscapes or maps, landscapes or forests--a secret world of art by machines.

After a while, I began to think that if the machines could create content on these walls, so could I. So I began to collage them with pictures of my own. 

 What you see on this page is the result of my ongoing conversation with those hidden machine installations.
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